Though the ageless charm of diamond was invented long ago, its extraction spots are spread across various parts of the world even today. The majesty of these “diamond libraries” of the world is as fascinating as the lure that surrounds this inimitable stone. So, buckle up as we take you to the famous diamond mining destinations of the world, of both past and present.
Diamonds from Brazil
Brazil diamonds were famous between the years of 1730 to 1870. During that age, Brazil was the prime supplier of diamonds in the world. Different surface deposits created by flowing water were found in the Brazilian states of Bahia, Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso. It was at these deposits that most diamonds were found being carried by the running water along with chemicals such as gold and colored gemstones. A magnificent corsage was worn by Princess Mathilde, cousin to Napoleon III. The jewelry piece was festooned with diamonds crafted in silver with gold.
Diamonds from Russia
In the year 1829, diamonds were found in Russia amidst the alluvial deposits of the Ural Mountains range. The diamonds were not extracted commercially during earlier years until the kimberlite pipes were introduced. Being columnar stacks of igneous rocks, these pipes acted as a primary source of diamonds.
Today Russia is playing its part in contributing to the diamond mining industry of the world. Recently in 2013, a Russian diamond mining company projected that there are still 970 million of carats waiting underground to be found in the tundra region. This estimate is more than seven times the present annual diamond production of the entire globe.
Diamonds from India
Though India is not counted in prominent diamond producers of the world, its ancient history demonstrates some incredible facts. The Golconda region of Southern India was the first diamond-producing region of the world. The mining spot was home to some of the most popular diamonds of the world, including a 45.52 ct Hope Diamond with Fancy dark grayish shade, a 70.20 ct Idol's Eye with a light blue color and the 105.60 ct Koh-i-noor. It is believed that the pear-shaped brilliant diamond Koh-i-noor was set in the Queen Mother's Crown of Great Britain.
Diamonds from South Africa
The innovation of kimberlite sources in 1869 kicked off the diamond mining rush in South Africa. There's a reason South Africa is known to be the birthplace of world's mining industry. By the year 1874, the mines were dug so deeply that most of the times, shovel had to be stopped for giving way to the mining machinery. The excavations soon reached to the depths of 400 feet. During the early years, the Kimberly duster-a group of five mines near Kimberley, was the most productive one in the country. The invention of Kimberline pipe led to the historic event of the discovery of a 3,106 ct Cullinan rough diamond. The stone was cut in 96 smaller unpolished units. The larger pieces were named 530 ct Cullinan I and a 317 ct Cullinan 11. Both of these are a part of Great Britain Coronation regalia today. The third and fourth Cullinan stones are the personal properties of Queen Elizabeth II. Recently in 2009, a 507.50 ct Cullinan rough diamond was discovered which was sold for $35.3 million. It is regarded as the highest selling price for a rough diamond. More recently in 2014, another colorless rough diamond of 232 ct was unearthed in South Africa which was sold for $15.2 million.
Diamonds from Australia
The Western Australian landscape that surrounds the Argyle mine is accountable for unearthing the fine gemstones and fueling the mining industry of the world's largest Island. The mining environment generally includes countless termite mounds, bushes, grasses and a rare tree. Flat plains surrounding the mining spot even out in all directions while the sporadic view is broken by ragged mountain ranges.
The Argyle mine in Australia initiated in 1979 as the AK1 lamproite pipe was discovered. Lamproite is a cluster of igneous rocks known to host diamonds. The mine is famous for its consistency of yielding pink diamonds which are one of the most desirable diamonds of the world. It is believed that out of half a million carats of rough stone extracted, only single carat of pink diamond is suitable for selling.