Taking safety precautions is very important, especially with electricity. Following ground rules is a must and safety cannot be compromised. Following the guidelines about electricity and safe handling will help as you work with electricity.
Never use equipments having damaged insulation, frayed cords or broken plugs.
Keep away from water while working with electricity. Do not repair or even touch the electrical circuits or equipment with wet hands as the electric current conductivity increases.
While working, always make use of insulated tools. Besides, turn off the mains, if you are working at your home on any receptacle. In fact, put a sign board on the service panel to stay safe and nobody ever turns ON by accident the main switch.
Use goggles and insulated rubber gloves while at work on any electrical circuit.
Electrical hazards include unguarded electrical equipment that becomes unexpectedly energized and also exposed energized parts. Such equipments carry warning signs such as “Shock Risk”. Be observant of these risk signs and follow the established safety rules.
Never use a steel or aluminum ladder to work at a height on any receptacle. This is because an electrical surge may ground you making the electric current to pass through your body entirely. Instead for safety use a wooden, bamboo or a fiberglass ladder.
Never repair any type of energized equipment. Use a tester to check it is de-energized. As an electric tester comes into contact with a hot or live wire, the bulb within the tester lights up indicating the flow of electrical current. Thus, check the wires, the service panel outer metallic covering and other hanging wires before starting the work. Use electrical tester.
Check GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) once a month. In most modern homes they are found commonly, especially in damp areas such as the kitchen and bathroom. These help avoiding electrical shock hazards. However, know your country wire code, it is mandatory.
Working with underground cabling outside may be dangerous. The damp soil enveloping the cable is a good conductor of electricity and with underground cabling, ground faults are common. So, using a spade while digging may damage the cable wiring easily, so better dig by hand at the cable place and do it wearing insulated gloves.
Use a circuit breaker always or fuse having perfect current rating. The fuses and circuit breakers are protection devices that disconnect automatically the live wire during a short circuit or if there is over current. Appropriate circuit breaker protects against short circuits. For instance, for 10 amperes current, use a 15 ampere fuse, it will keep you protected against short circuits, but if the fuse is of 9.5 amperes, it will blow away.
Take care while taking out a capacitor from a circuit or even while soldering the circuit boards. Keep solder iron far away in its stand as it gets hot extremely and can cause burns. Keep away from fumes and without fail wear goggles. Adhering to electrical safety tips keeps you safe from electric mishaps.